Wafers are a crisp, thin, aerated baked good with characteristic surface reeds. They are commonly filled with a cream paste of vanilla, chocolate, hazelnut or other inclusions.1 Wafers can also be made gluten-free.
Commercially, wafers come in two main varieties:1
No or low sugar wafers: typically filled with sweet creams, and/or enrobed with chocolate.
Sugar wafers: contain at least 10% sugar and include wafers cones, reels, flutes, fans and sugar wafer cookies.
Wafers’ origin dates to the 9th century Western Europe where the first waffle tong or waffle iron was discovered. The term wafer was first included in Middle English by 1377.1 In the 1890s, Josef Manner manufactured the first hazelnut cream-filled wafer sandwich. Further improvements in continuous baking waffle irons helped with commercializing wafers. 1
European Commission (EC). Regulation (EU) No 510/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 laying down the trade arrangements applicable to certain goods resulting from the processing of agricultural products and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 1216/2009 and (EC) No 614/2009 .Official Journal of European Communities, 16 Apr 2014.