Sustainable chocolate is produced with site-specific practices.

Sustainable Chocolate

Also known as sustainable cacao chain

What is Sustainable Chocolate?

Sustainable chocolate has become a core concept in the cacao value chain. It’s aims to preserve  and ensure long-term supply. The main players are cacao farmers and chocolate processors.

Sustainable chocolate involves several aspects of the cacao value chain:1,2

  • Efficiently using natural resources to help to the environment, and maintain a healthy climate and biodiversity in areas where cacao is planted.
  • Guarantee equity and promote rural economy by growing, sourcing and commercializing cacao responsibly.
  • Provide safe, fair and suitable working conditions to cacao farmers.
  • Improve the social conditions, quality of life and livelihood of cacao farmers.


The idea of sustainable chocolate emerged in 1998 when stakeholders in the cacao industry organized to discuss the future of cocoa. At this time, the crop was at risk due to pests, disease and  fragility of the tropical infrastructure. The stakeholders realized the issues were not just environmental, but social and economic as well. In order to guarantee the future of chocolate, the sustainable cocoa sector was created. It delivers benefits across the entire supply chain.3

Sustainability programs, like CocoaAction by the World Cocoa Foundation, soon emerged. The goal was improving the overall conditions of many cacao growers and farmers.2

Most of these programs involve governments, industry and non‐governmental organizations working together. There, the goal is to build confidence and trust around consumers and producers. There are several independent certification bodies which do on-site inspections and allow chocolate producers to use their logos on product packages. Some examples are:2

  • Rainforest Alliance™
  • Fairtrade International®
  • UTZ Certified™

Creating a Sustainable Program

A sustainable chocolate program should include:

  • Social responsibility and the protection of human rights
  • Environmental responsibility
  • Education and training of cacao farmers on good agricultural practices for cacao growth
  • Cooperation programs to bring farmers and industrial chocolate processors together
  • Fair cacao trade practices
  • Fair labor practices

Several chocolate companies have created sustainability programs to protect the future chocolate supply. Sustainable chocolate is produced under three pillars of sustainable development:4,5

  1. Ecology/environmental protection: using agricultural tools that reduce deforestation, end the use of toxic herbicides and pesticides, and prevent soil erosion.
  2. People/society: Farmers receive skills training to help them better manage their plantations and increase yields. Also, fair labor practices prohibit child labor.
  3. Economy: Rebalancing the profit throughout the supply chain to create a win/win proposition for every participant in the supply chain.

Redistributing profit throughout the...

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