Olestra is a non-absorbable fat substitute that provides no calories to food products.

Olestra

Also known as Olean


What is Olestra?

Olestra is a non-absorbable fat substitute that provides no calories to food products. It is made from a sucrose polyester and has a similar structure to fats. Olestra is commonly used in low-fat snacks, ready-to-heat popcorn, potato chips, and baked goods.1

Benefits of Olestra in food products include:

  • High temperature stability
  • Rich taste and creamy texture

Chemical Structure

Olestra

Origin

Olestra was originally discovered in 1968 by chemists Mattson and Volpenhein with Procter and Gamble and was patented in 1971. With increased consumer interest in low fat diets, and gaining FDA approval, several new Olestra-based low calorie products were launched in the US.1

Despite its usage in the US, Olestra is still banned in Canada and Europe due to some undesirable health concerns.1

Function

As a fat substitute, olestra provides similar functions to fat in baked goods, such as:2

  • Tenderizer: by coating structure building components such as gluten, and starch, thus preventing their excessive hydration
  • Moistness: by providing the sensation of moistness
  • Prevents staling : via retarding starch gelatinization
  • Smoothness: by interfering with sugar crystallization and enhancing smooth sensation
  • Release agent: aids in the un-molding of baked goods
  • Flavor: provides a similar flavor profile to traditional fats

Nutrition

Olestra is a no-calorie food additive and may help reduce cholesterol. Adverse effects associated with the consumption of this ingredient are decreased absorption of fat soluble vitamins and carotenoids. So, food products made with Olestra should include higher doses of these vitamins. It may also have a laxative effect in some individuals.1

Commercial production

Olestra is commercially produced through the following process:

  • Transesterification: fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) are reacted with sucrose in the presence of potassium soaps in a reactor to produce a homogenous melt. Excess FAME is added with NaH followed by heating up to 130 - 150 oC (266 - 302oF) .
  • Distillation: methanol is distilled from the reaction solution.
  • Neutralization: the crude product is neutralized with acid addition.
  • Washing: product is washed with warm water and alcohol.
  • Bleaching: removal of pigments and other contaminants with bleaching clay.
  • Distillation: for solvent removal.
  • Deodorization: removal of undesirable odours.
  • Addition of...

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