Cracked wheat is a whole grain that offers a nutty flavor and a grainier texture to baked goods.

Cracked Wheat


What is Cracked Wheat?

Cracked wheat is a whole grain product made by grinding wheat berries into coarse particles larger than flour. It is a versatile product used in many traditional Mediterranean, North African and Western dishes and baked goods.

Incorporating this ingredient into baked goods provides:

  • Unique texture and distinct nutty flavor
  • Boosting fiber content

Cracked wheat is frequently confused with bulgur, another product made from wheat grains. While wheat's production relies only on simple milling, bulgur requires steaming and cooking prior to consumption.

Origin

Similar to other wheat-based products, cracked wheat is believed to have originated in the Levant and some Mediterranean countries including Lebanon, Israel and Turkey. Currently, the popularity of this ingredient is growing throughout the world. It is being produced and consumed by many populations—mainly health-conscious groups.

Function

Due to the limited processing requirements, it is conceivable that cracked wheat can provide the same nutritional health benefits as their wheat source. For example, when used in cookies it adds fiber, folate, iron, calcium, vitamins, etc.

Fine cracked wheat can be used to replace some or all of the wheat flour in some baked goods. Because this wheat is not usually precooked, it may require soaking in water for a few hours before adding to bread or other products.

In addition to its ease of preparation, it can enhance the texture and impart crunchiness to many food recipes and baked goods.

Commercial production

Production of cracked wheat does not require elaborate processing. Commercially, it is manufactured by milling raw hard wheat berries, that have been cleaned and husked, into smaller pieces and further sizing or screening. Three sizes are typically produced: fine, medium and large size granules. This process preserves the nutrient- and fiber-rich bran and germ layers and reduces cooking time.

Composition and nutrition

Nutrient in cracked wheat/ 100 g:2

Carbohydrate 75 g
Protein 12.5 g
Fiber 12.5
Total lipid 1.25 g
Calcium 50 mg
Iron 4.5 mg
Energy 350 kcal

Wheat is naturally high in fiber and important...


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