Getting a Handle on Oven Air Velocity

oven air velocity, oven baking parameters, oven, product quality

You know the oven works due to heat and airflow. Well, the measure of that airflow is oven air velocity (m/sec or ft/min). The hope is that with even and correct air velocity, your product will bake to perfection.
Airflow depends on the type of oven:

  • Radiant oven (e.g., ribbon burners): airflow comes from the moving conveyor, the exhaust system, and natural combustion air currents.
  • Convection oven (e.g., air recirculation): airflow comes primarily from the air distribution plenums.

What’s the big deal with oven air velocity?

If your oven is blowing air the way it’s supposed to, you’ll increase quality and decrease waste. Four things to keep in mind:

  1. An increase in air velocity causes an increase in the apparent heat transfer coefficient, convective heat flux.
  2. Velocity of the circulating air influences baking time.
  3. Weight loss, browning, and firmness of baked product can be increased by increasing air velocity.
  4. Cohesiveness and product volume are unaffected by air velocity.

How do you measure it?

Oven air velocity can be recorded by an air velocity sensor. The sensor array delivers a precise picture of airflow patterns inside an oven from side to side and end to end. The sensors collect data, at product level, as the array passes through the process. The number of sensors varies with the width of the conveyor.

An air velocity sensor array can help with spotting airflow differences between baking zones, concentrated air velocities on isolated parts of the conveyor, and unwanted air currents at the entrance or exit of the oven.


About the Author:

Lin Carson, PhD
Dr. Lin Carson’s love affair with baking started over 25 years ago when she earned her BSc degree in Food Science & Technology at the Ohio State University. She went on to earn her MSc then PhD from the Department of Grain Science at Kansas State University. Seeing that technical information was not freely shared in the baking industry, Dr. Lin decided to launch BAKERpedia to cover this gap. Today, as the world’s only FREE and comprehensive online technical resource for the commercial baking industry, BAKERpedia is used by over half a million commercial bakers, ingredient sellers, equipment suppliers and baking entrepreneurs annually. You can catch Dr. Lin regularly on the BAKED In Science podcast solving baking problems. For more information on Dr. Lin, subscribe to her "Ask Dr. Lin" YouTube Channel, or follow her on LinkedIn.

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