Acacia Gum (Arabic Gum) Granules

Acacia gum, or Arabic gum, is used in baking as an emulsifier.

Acacia Gum 

Also known as Arabic Gum


What is Acacia Gum?

Acacia gum (or Gum Arabic) is a food grade, naturally-derived gum used for its emulsifying and high-gloss properties.

Origin

It is an all-natural gum product from the African Acacia species which naturally grows in the “Gum Belt” of Africa (Sudan through Chad, up to Nigeria).

Function

Acacia gum is a unique gum due to its emulsifying properties. Due to its emulsifying capability, it stabilizes a food system efficiently, resulting in superior texture and a good mouthfeel. In baked products, it is typically used in fillings or frosting due to its ability to emulsify the fat/water interfaces. It is traditionally used on gingerbread products to give a glossy and tacky shine.

Composition

It is a heteropolysaccharide with extremely high solubility in water.  It can be subdivided into three structural groups: the arabinogalactin protein, the arabinogalactan and the glycoprotein. Its main structure reoccurs from the following.

Acacia Gum Composition

Chemical structure of acacia gum.

Application

Dissolve in the water portion of the system before introducing it to the oil component. It is heat sensitive. Due to the proteins in its structure, its emulsifying capabilities decrease with heat.

Nutrition

It is high in fiber and is a natural prebiotic.